The Environmental Unit works at the study of the modern environment and at the reconstruction of the ancient landscape.

The study of the modern environment includes a survey of the local flora and fauna, as well as a survey of the geological features that punctuate the area around Umm al-Dabadib.

The reconstruction of the ancient landscape is based on a combination of satellite images and ground-level survey and observations. The analysis of the terrain and the study of the archaeological remains of the agricultural system will lead to the creation of a dynamic model of both the irrigation system and the ancient fields. This model will be used both for scientific and educational purposes, in collaboration with the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli (MANN).

The activities of the Environmental Unit proceed in strict collaboration with the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), that is planning to create a Protected Area around Umm al-Dabadib. This will, in turn, strengthen Egypt’s bid to UNESCO to obtain for Kharga the full status of Mixed (nature+culture) Area.

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizion 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement n°  681673).